Lifestyle is a way of eating and physical activity. They are in 50% decisive in terms of our health. According to the statistics of the World Health Organisation (WHO) rational nutrition increases productivity by as much as 20%.
Physical activity has a significant impact on our psychophysical condition and the ability to cope with stressful factors of everyday life. Over the past few decades, for many people, physical activity has become a very important part of life. Reason: increased incidence of civilisation-related diseases in the society, among others: cancer, diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, obesity, and mental illnesses.
Those who opt for a healthier lifestyle, can enjoy the reduced likelihood of premature death, better well-being, and good appearance. Of course you have to take into account also inherited characteristics, because there are always some genetic factors that will influence your health. Regardless of the inherited characteristics, a healthy lifestyle is very important in terms of preventing illnesses and deterioration of the overall health status.
Doing sports allows to increase the number of neurotransmitters, that is, substances that mediate in the transmission of impulses between nerve cells. Physical activity increases the secretion of endorphins and serotonin. Endorphins are pain-relieving substances. Serotonin is, on the other hand, responsible for the feeling of happiness. Our diets and the desire and motivation for physical activity are strongly affected by psychological factors. Many people eat unhealthy and consume too many stimulants under the influence of negative emotions. When we experience difficult emotions and stress our motivation for doing sports decreases, and often at the same time we have a feeling of permanent fatigue.
Psychologists say that physical exercises also affect the way we perceive ourselves and help us develop our self-confidence. Sports activity also affects our social image. When we exercise in a group at our fitness classes or in the gym we have the opportunity to meet people, and to provide and receive support and motivation from others.
Scientists also claim that sports activity is beneficial in the treatment of depressive conditions. According to a study carried out in 2000 (Paluska and Schwenk), aerobic exercises and stretching are most effective. Regularity is, however, the key. Being active will not cure anyone from depression by itself, but it will be a supportive and preventive measure for those who tend to have mood disorders.
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